Comparative Analyses of Environmental Risk Management at Secondary Schools Level in Punjab and its Effect on Students’ Academic Achievement

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Sabir Hussain
Qaisar Abbas
Altaf Ahmad


The research objective was to diagnose various environmental risks in schools and evaluate their remediation. Various environmental risks were analyzed in schools, such as disasters like earthquakes and school building position, floods, storms, rain, drainage, dengue activities, laboratory waste, dirt in the classroom, children's noise, traffic noise outside the school, school roads during rain situation, prevention of load shedding, protection from heat and cold, first aid in case of accidents, lightning, ventilation, school environment etc. The study population was the entire Punjab secondary schools, and the results are generalized to the whole of Punjab secondary schools. In the sample, schools of 9 divisions of Punjab were included, and 12 schools were taken from every division, including six male and six female schools, in which public and private schools were taken in equal numbers. Data was captured using a Likert scale. It was concluded that the headteachers of the Dera Ghazi Khan division were well aware of environmental risks and had more knowledge about them. Second was the headteachers of Lahore. Headteachers of Sahiwal and Bahawalpur had very little knowledge about environmental risk. The heads of Gujranwala were at the forefront of risk management, and the Dera Ghazi Khan division was the second. The headteachers of Sahiwal were lagging in terms of risk management. The headteachers of Lahore were found to be using the risk management budget in the proper place, while the headteachers of Sahiwal were not spending the budget appropriately. The records of the schools were also checked, and the schools that were least interested in risk management had lower results than those at the forefront of risk management. It is recommended that headteachers of all secondary schools increase their knowledge about environmental risk and make timely arrangements for its remediation and budget allocation.

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Hussain, S., Abbas, Q., & Ahmad , A. (2022). Comparative Analyses of Environmental Risk Management at Secondary Schools Level in Punjab and its Effect on Students’ Academic Achievement. International Research Journal of Education and Innovation, 3(4), 36–49. Retrieved from


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