International Research Journal of Education and Innovation <ul> <li><strong>Journal Name</strong>: International Research Journal of Education and Innovation</li> <li><strong>ISSN (Print)</strong> : 2710-043X</li> <li><strong>ISSN (Electronic)</strong>: 2710-0448</li> <li><strong>Frequency</strong>: <strong><span lang="EN-US">Quarterly </span></strong>(4 issues per year)</li> <li><strong>Nature</strong>: Print and Online</li> <li><strong>Submission</strong>: Via OJS System</li> <li><strong>Languages of Publication:</strong> English</li> </ul> en-US (ADMIN) (ADMIN) Sun, 31 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 A Study on Factors Contributing to Income Inequality in Pakistan <p>This research addresses the general issue of income inequality in Pakistan, recognizing its global significance. It identifies factors contributing to income inequality such as disparities in education, corruption, and the impact of globalization. So the study aims to find the empirical relationships between income inequality and corruption. Findings show that there is a moderate relationship between income inequality and corruption. so the study emphasizes the need for policy intervention to mitigate income disparities and promote fair income distribution.</p> Dolat Khan, Suhaib Shar, Ashfaq Sabir Copyright (c) 2024 International Research Journal of Education and Innovation Sun, 31 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 A Study on, the Impact of Exercise on Mental Well-being <p>The study was about the impact of exercise on mental well-being. The statement was, that exercise has a positive impact on mental well-being and will contribute to the reduction of stress and anxiety. A quantitative study was conducted and data was extracted through physical survey as well as online. The literature of the study illustrates that there is a positive correlation and this study also indicates the same but unfortunately, this study was declared as insignificant due to some factors that are discussed in the findings including a small sample size and unawareness of the subjects regarding surveys and research projects.</p> Abdul Haleem, Mujdid Rabbani, Ashfaq Sabir Copyright (c) 2024 International Research Journal of Education and Innovation Sun, 31 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 An Experimental Study on the Impact of Digital Textbooks on the Academic Achievement of Elementary School Students <p>Education is undergoing a period of revolutionary change as the globe experiences economic, technical, and educational development. Before paper came around, people would carve designs into stone or write on leather or tree bark. The production of paper is an extremely costly operation, hence we must cease using it immediately. Second, it's not sustainable because it's heavy for kids to handle and because it pollutes the environment. Unfit for the role. These paper books are now obsolete because digital textbooks have solved all these problems. Thirty-seventh graders from Al-Rafiq Public Elementary School participated in the study as subjects. Half of the students in the control group received their education through traditional textbooks, while the other half received their instruction in a more modern, digital format using tools like artificial intelligence (AI), video lectures, and a WhatsApp group. Children who were taught using digital books had considerably better scores on the summative achievement exam, which was administered to both groups as a post-test. Students who studied from electronic books performed marginally better on Power tests (which include essay questions) but substantially better on Speed tests (which include multiple-choice questions). Students who were given the Power test to complete on paper managed to do so within the allotted time; however, this may be remedied with some practice on a computer keyboard. The hard shape has no discernible impact on children's eyesight or hearing. The prevalent condition of color blindness has been diagnosed in children with textbooks. Digital textbooks should be supported by the government. Along with providing teachers with specialized training, every school should provide students with access to a library of tablets.</p> Sabir Hussain, Sabir Hussain Copyright (c) 2024 International Research Journal of Education and Innovation Sun, 31 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of the opinion of prospective teachers regarding TPACK and ICT: a glimmer of light for Pakistan's education system <p>The need for revolutionary education grew in this modern era alongside the arrival of the Industrial Revolution. Because of the rise of information and communication technologies (ICT), educational goals have shifted, and only educators with expertise in technology pedagogical material are finding success in the classroom. As a result, traditional education is on the brink of extinction. Most students are unemployed after finishing traditional education, yet there is a growing need for educators with expertise in technology, media, and content knowledge (TPACK). Competence in technical pedagogical content knowledge and familiarity with information and communication technologies are prerequisites for employment in Pakistan and other industrialized nations, as well as on the global labor market. Aiming to gauge how future educators in Pakistan view ICT and TPCAK, this study collected data from a representative sample of the country's students. In order to accomplish this, we polled 200 future educators seeking degrees in Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.), Master of Education (M.Ed.), Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.), or Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) from three schools in South Punjab on their thoughts and feelings regarding technology in the classroom (TPACK). We used a 5-point Likert scale to gauge their perspective and attitude towards TPACK and ICT. The results showed that future educators had a favorable impression of communication and information. In terms of content knowledge, technical knowledge, pedagogical knowledge, and technology pedagogical, they had a favorable impression and attitude. The training of future educators should incorporate ICT and TPACK, and instructors should be qualified individuals with extensive knowledge of these topics. In order for students to be a part of the new educational revolution and compete favorably on a global scale, it is essential that ICT be incorporated into the curriculum at both the high school and university levels. &nbsp;</p> Sabir Hussain, Sabir Hussain Copyright (c) 2024 International Research Journal of Education and Innovation Sun, 31 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Child Labor: A Research in Kasur Area, Punjab, Pakistan <p>In Summary, there is a positive relationship between poverty and a negative relationship between child education with child labor according to the research hypothesis and research literature review. Unfortunately, due to some obstacles, the hypotheses of this study were rejected. Due to the rejection of hypotheses, the whole findings show that there is less impact of poverty and child education on child labor.</p> Ashfaq Sabir, Abdul Haleem Copyright (c) 2024 International Research Journal of Education and Innovation Sun, 31 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000