Gender Based Comparative Study of Time Management Skills at University Level
Keywords:Self-reported, Management Behavior’s, Management Skills
Management has been studied and part of the literature since early twentieth century. Effective time management is associated with greater academic performance and lower levels of anxiety in students however, many students find it hard to find a balance between their studies and their day-to-day lives. This article examines the self-reported time management behavior of students on the basis of gender at the university level. The study was conducted to find out the time management skills on the basis of gender. A population of 528 students male and female of education department enrolled at session 2021 NUML university Islamabad is the population. Data were collected through questionnaire and analyzed by SPSS. Disproportionate random sampling technique were applied. The findings reveal that male have great time management skills then females.
Abban, K. (2011). Understanding the importance of time management to assistant registrar?s in the registrars department of the university of education. International Journal of Scienti ic & Engineering Research, 3(12), 1-16.
Chaturvedi, A.(2016). Impact of Time Management on the Academic Growth of Students in Universities, Nigeria. Intl J Engg Sci Adv Research, 2(4), 7-9.
Rafael García-Ros, Francisco Pérez-González And Eugenia Hinojosa ‘’ Assessing Time Management Skills as an Important Aspect of Student Learning’’ (May 2004). https://www.researchgate.net/publication/238332455
Cemalo?lu, N ve Filiz, S. “The Relation between Time Management Skills and Academic Achievement of Potential Teachers” Educational Research Quarterly, 33 (4) 3-23 (2010)
María Alvarez Sainz, Ana M. Ferrero, Arantza Ugidos, (2019) "Time management: skills to learn and put into practice", Education + Training, https://doi.org/10.1108/ET-01-2018-0027
Muhammad Jehangir Khan Assistant Professor, at (PIDE). Aamir Nadeem Associate Professor, at (CUST), Peshawar. (September 2020) ‘’The Effect of Time Management on the Academic Performance of Students in the Higher Educational Institutions of Islamabad.’’
Laurie, A., & Hellsten, M. (2002). A Review of the Literature and a Psychometric Critique of Instruments Assessing Time Management University of Saskatchewan, Canada.
Kelly, M. (2004). Get time on your side, Careers & Universities, 24 (4), p.28.
Yilmaz, I. Oncalik, O., & Bekta? F. ?2006?. Relationship between the time management behavior and academic success. E-Journal of New World Sciences Academy, 5(3), 187-194.
Lisa, M., & Robert, M. S. (2008). I will do it tomorrow: College Teaching. 57 (5), p.21-2154. Academic One-File, https://www.ebscohost.com [Accessed Oct 4, 2011.
Mercanlioglu C. (2010),The Relationship of Time Management to Academic Performance of Master Level Students, International Journal of Business And Management Studies,2(1), p. 255-276.
Grave, B. S. (2011). The effect of student time allocation on academic achievement. Education Economics, 19(3), 291-310.
Ogundipe, M. A., & Falade, O. A. (2014). Student-Teacher Perception of Time Allocation and Academic Achievement in Tai Solarin.
Miqdadi, F., Almomani, A., Masharqa, M., & Elmousel, N. (2014). Paper presented at the ASEE 2014 Zone I Conference.
Al Khatib, A. S. (2014). Time management and its relation to students? stress, gender and academic achievement among sample of students at Al Ain University of science and technology,4(5), 47-58.
Bratti, M., & Staffolani, S. (2013). Student time allocation and educational production functions. Annals of Economics and Statistics/Annales D'économie Et De Statistique, 103-140.
The ‘Time Management Questionnaire” that was developed by Bond, M. J., Feather, N. T. (1988)
POSEC method POSEC is an acronym for Prioritize by Organizing, Streamlining, Economizing and Contributing’’ developed by Abraham Harold Maslow (1954). https://www.time-management-abilities.com/posec-method.html.