Delay in Promotions Process of High School Teachers: A Mixed Method Study of School Administration Practices in Govt. of Sindh Pakistan


  • Abdul Rauf Kandhro Deputy Director, administration DSE, Secondary Karachi.
  • Dr. Khadim Hussain Dahri Assistant Professor Education, Benazir Bhutto Shaheed University Lyari, Karachi.
  • Dr. Shabroz Assistant Professor, Education, Benazir Bhutto Shaheed University Lyari ,Karachi.



Administration, Practices, Delay, Promotions, High School Teachers


School administration in Pakistan is a dilapidated system which need of a paradigm change from bureaucratic to pedagogical leadership. The promotion of senior high school teachers to administrative positions is a transform of role from teaching to administration. The present study aims at to investigate hierarchy of promotions of the posts of head teachers (School Administration Officers) are in BPS 17, up to BPS -20. The stratified random sampling techniques used to collect data from (n= 71), male and female teachers, and, (n= 328) boys and (n=213) girls Government secondary and Higher Secondary Schools at district Karachi central. The mixed method research design, the quantitative approach, surveys were conducted while in qualitative part In-depth semi structured interviews were collected. The study finding reveals that the managerial style and its relationship with head teacher directly impact on official and environment of the school. It is also recommended that the promotion related problem must be addressed properly and a comprehensive policies and plans must be implemented for administrative practices.  This study will help to improving teachers and particularly schools to create an educational culture at Sindh in Pakistan.


Aaron Cohen. (2005). The relationship between. The Israeli , 7.

Abraham Carmeli. (2005). Considerations in organizational. Organizational Craier Advancement , 190.

Analoui, F. (2002). Have you been appraised , Universty staff survy. The International Journal of mangment , 279-287.

Bernhardt, D. (1995). Stategic Promotion & compansation. The Review of Economic Studies, , 315.

Buckaly, M . (2002). Promotion System in Organazation. Human Resource Planning , 47-115.

Cary Dessler “A frame work for human resources management “ 3rd edition ,Published by Person Education Singapore 2005

Daily Kawish Hyderabad dated 18th, October 2009 vide consolidated Advertise NO 2009/07

Delaney, J. T. (1996). The Impact of Human Rsource Management. Acadamy of Mangment Journal , 949.

Dr U.A.G.Issani and DR M Latif Virk 2005 ‘Higher education in Pakistan ,National Book Foundation Islamabad .

ESTACODE” 2009 By Zaka Ali ,Hamid Ali law house Karachi

Halaby, C. N. (1978). Industrial and Labor Relations Review,. Administrative Science Quarterly, , 466-484.

http://processplatsen.ibissoft. )

Khim Ong Kelly. (2008). Teacher appraisal and its in the Primary schools. Journal of Educational , 30-54.

London, M. (2009). Toward a Theory of Career Motivation. The Academy of Management , 620.

Michael R. Pergamit . (1999). wha is Promotaion. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, , 581-665.

Notification of July 1st 2008 No. SO(S-II)S.S/H.M(Seniority)2007

NO. SO (A-1)04-209(Misc.)92 dated 4th September 1994

NO. SO (A-1)04-209(Misc.)92 dated 4th September 1994

NO.SO(S-II)1-63(Misc.)08 Dated 4th May ,2009

NOEDOE/CDGK/ESTT./7-24/(19390-406)/2008 Dated25th November 2008 .

NOEDOE/CDGK/ESTT./7-24/(19407-422)/2008 Dated25th December 2008

NOEDOE/CDGK/ESTT./7-24/(19442-48)/2008Dated18th December2008,

Notification (SO .S-II-1-63(Misc)-08 DT 4TH may 2009

Schyns, B. (2006). The role of implicit leadership. Equal Opportunities International , 189.

Sheridan, J. E. (1997). Jouran Busniss & Psychology. FACTORS INFLUENCING THE PROBABILITY , 373

Sindh Local Government Ordinance (SLGO) 2001

T.K.Das. (2001). Traning for Changing Manegrial Role. Mangment Develpment , 579.

William J Roth well and H.C. Kzans “Planning and Management human resources “2nd edition page #3 Jailci publishing Mumbai, India)




How to Cite

Kandhro, A. R., Dahri, D. K. H., & Shabroz, D. S. (2022). Delay in Promotions Process of High School Teachers: A Mixed Method Study of School Administration Practices in Govt. of Sindh Pakistan. International Research Journal of Education and Innovation, 3(1), 57–65.