Parents Attitude Towards the Employment of their Daughters in the Tribal Area of Dera Ghazi Khan District, Pakistan


  • Amara Mushtaq Visiting Lecturer Education, Ghazi University, Dera Ghazi Khan


Parents attitude, daughter, employment, tribal area, Dera Ghazi Khan


It is believed that economic independence gives them personal autonomy and the power of decision making. Giving a women the right to work for themselves and earn something on their own is itself is biggest achievement for any women. This thesis has major goal to find out the’ attitude of parents towards the employment of their daughters in tribal areas of district D.G. khan. This study used mixed method research to find facts from respondents. Survey questionnaire was employed to solicit responses from females. Interview protocol was used for parents. Research instruments were validated with the help of the critical comments of the experts of field. Cronbach’s Alpha of the questionnaire was 0.70. Those females residents of trial area of Dera Ghazi Khan who passed higher secondary school education, intermediate or graduation were to the population of the study. Snow ball sampling technique was used to identify the sample of the study. Data was collected from 180 females and 45 parents of the participants. The collected data was entered in SPSS data sheets. To make error free data entry process, two copies of data sheets were made and responses were entered by two different persons. After that both files were matched by retrieving frequencies of each item. 3 Copies of data were made and stored in different computer drives. Researcher has made data cleaning procedure to detect missing and out of range values. Frequency and percentage of responses, T. test and One-Way ANOVA followed by LSD as Post Hoc Test were calculated.  Five factors; parents attitude about their daughters employments in tribal areas(14, 09, 33, 11,32, 21, 27, 01, 16, 18), opinion of females about jobs and social problems(29, 23, 13, 03, 20, 08, 10, 25), socio economic status of females in tribal areas(31, 15, 34, 28, 02), rights and jobs opportunities(07, 06, 04, 24, 19, 26, 12) and issues for the female’s employment(35, 05, 30, 22, 17). The total variance was 42.448. Responses from interviews and open-ended questions were categorized to analyze qualitative information. Findings showed that UC Fazla Kachh were less supporting for female’s employment as compared to Barthi, Tumman Lighari. This study identified 83.18% respondents have positive attitude for the employments in tribal areas D.G. Khan. Conduct the seminars in tribal areas for the awareness of the parents about the importance of education and jobs. Government should provide the basic facilities for the females on their working places.


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How to Cite

Mushtaq, A. . (2022). Parents Attitude Towards the Employment of their Daughters in the Tribal Area of Dera Ghazi Khan District, Pakistan . International Research Journal of Education and Innovation, 3(1), 351–362. Retrieved from