Investigating the Organizational Climate of Secondary Schools in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan


  • Abdur Rahman Ph. D Scholar, Institute of Education & Research, University of Peshawar
  • Arshad Ali Professor, Institute of Education & Research, University of Peshawar



Investigation, Organizational Climate, quality education, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, population, study, Educational Monitoring Authority


Secondary schools are responsible for the provision of quality education in preparing graduates of the institutions for higher learning and semi-skilled employees for working in various enterprises of the society. Organizational climate is a key element that determines the efficient role of secondary schools in the education sector. Considering the significance of the organizational climate in secondary schools, the study aimed to investigate the organizational climate of secondary school in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The study was descriptive survey design with population of 2639 principals and 39182 teachers of secondary schools.  Samples of 50 heads and 326 teachers were selected with cluster random sampling. A validated and reliable tool, organizational climate description questionnaire for heads and teachers was used while data were collected personally from respondents. Data were analyzed with percentages, mean, standard deviation, Pearson correlation and linear regression. The study highlighted that majority of the principals had directive behavior, dominated meetings and ruled with iron hands, teachers’ behaviors were frustrated and schools were vulnerable to external political pressures. The study recommended that Organizational climate is relatively a new field, therefore; it may be taught as a subject in all teachers’ training institutions and in education departments/faculties of the universities to develop conceptual knowledge of the educational leaders and teachers. At present Educational Monitoring Authority (EMA) did not include organizational climate as an indicator for the schools’ development/progress. So, the government may explicitly include organizational climate in the evaluation system of the schools.


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How to Cite

Rahman, A., & Ali, A. . (2021). Investigating the Organizational Climate of Secondary Schools in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. International Research Journal of Education and Innovation, 2(3), 67–78.