An Examination of the Association between Teachers Work Engagement and Organizational Commitment at University Level
Keywords:Examination, Association, Work Engagement, Organizational Commitment, University Level
The purpose of this study was to examine the association between teachers work engagement and organizational commitment at university level. In this study, a quantitative research approach was used. The research would use factor analysis to describe the relationship between organisational commitment and work engagement, hence it was descriptive in nature. Work engagement and organisational commitment are factors in the study that are already present and cannot be manipulated by the researcher. All full-time teaching faculty (N= 37397) of public and private sector universities/Degree Awarding Institutions/Higher Education Institutions in Pakistan that are recognised by the Higher Education Commission made up the study's population. The sample of 400 university instructors (n=500) was chosen using a proportionate stratified random selection procedure. This sample size represents around 1.33 percent of the overall population (N=37397) and 7% of the population that is accessible (N1=7134). The questionnaire used to evaluate overall employee involvement as well as the study's sub-dimensions is clearly accurate and consistent. To collect data and assure the highest response rate possible, the researcher personally visited teachers. To answer the study's original questions, SPSS was used to analyse the data.
Adams, J. S. (1965). Inequity in social exchange. In L. Berkowitz, Advances in experimental social psychology (pp. 267-299). New York: Academic Press.
Albrecht , S. L., Bakker, A. B., Gruman , J. A., Macey, W. H., & Saks, A. M. (2015). People and Performance. Journal of Organizational Effectiveness, 7-35.
Allen, N. J., & Meyer, J. P. (1990). The measurement and antecedents of affective,
continuance and normative commitment to the organization. Journal of
Occupational Psychology, 1-18.
Allen, N. J., & Meyer, J. P. (1996). Affective, continuance, and normative commitment to the organization: An examination of construct validity. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 252-276.
Bakker, A. B., & Demerouti, E. (2008). Towards a model of work engagement. Career Development International, 209-223.
Bakker, A. B., & Hakanen, J. J. (2013). Work engagement among public and private sector dentists. In R. J. Burke, A. J. Noblet, & C. L. Cooper, Human resource management in the public sector (pp. 109-131). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
Egwuonwu, I.C. (2019). Antecedents of employee engagement: An examination of the banking sector of Nigeria. Doctoral Dissertation University of Salford.
Greenberg, M. S., & Wills, R. H. (1980). Social Exchange. New York: Plenum Press.
Jackson, L.T., Rothmann, S., & Van de Vijver, F.J. (2014). A model of work-related well- being for educators in South Africa. Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress, 22(4), 263-274.
Kahn, W. A. (2017). The essence of engagement. Handbook of Employee Engagement: Perspectives, Issues, Research and Practice. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.
Kahn, W.A. (2013). Psychological conditions of personal engagement and disengagement at work. Academy of Management Journal, 33(44), 692-724.
Meyer, J.P., & Maltin, E.R. (2010). Employee commitment and well-being: A critical review, theoretical framework and research agenda. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 77(2), 323-337.
Meyer, J.P., Stanley, D.J., Jackson, T.A., McInnis, K.J., Maltin, E.R., & Sheppard, L. (2012). Affective, normative, and continuance commitment levels across cultures: A meta- analysis. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80(2), 225–245.
Meyer, J.P., Stanley, L.J., & Parfyonova, N.M. (2012). Employee commitment in context: The nature and implication of commitment profiles. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80(1), 1-16.
Mowday, R. T., Steers, R. M., & Porter, L. W. (1991). The measurement of organizational commitment. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 224-247.
Porter, L. W., Steers, R. M., & Mowday, R. T. (1974). Organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and turnover among psychiatric technicians. Siegrist -609.
Riketta, C. (2013). The positive returns of a happy workforce. Retrieved from https://www.ft.com/content/41f990f0-b955-11e2-bc57-00144feabdc0
Schaufeli, W. B., & Bakker, A. B. (2013). Defining and measuring work engagement: Bringing clarity to the concept. Work engagement: A handbook of essential theory and research, 10-24.
Solinger, A. (2008). The antecedents and consequences of employee engagement. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 600-619.
Teri, D., & Sabater, J. (2014). Higher Education in Africa: An International Dimension. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College and the Association of African Universities, Ghana.
Thibault, J., & Kelley, L. (1975). Procedural Justice: A Psychological Analysis. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Vinué, I.S., Saso, C.E., & Berrozpe, T.Í. (2017). Engagement and commitment in nurses: Associated sociodemographic and labour variables. Enfermería Global, 16(3), 414- 425.