Perceptions of Heads of Secondary Schools Regarding Academic Advising Competencies of The Teachers at Secondary School Level


  • Zaheer Ahmad PhD Scholar, Department of Education, International Islamic University Islamabad.
  • Dr. Azhar Mahmood Associate Professor, Department of Education, International Islamic University Islamabad.



Heads Teachers, Perceptions, Secondary School Teachers, Academic Advising, Competencies


This study was aimed at analyzing the perceptions of heads of secondary schools regarding academic advising competencies of the teachers at secondary school level. Quantitative approach was used in this study and the design of the study was descriptive and survey type. The study was delimited to the four districts of Rawalpindi Division, i.e. Attock, Chakwal, Jhelum and Rawalpindi. A total number of 4913 secondary school teachers and 960 heads of secondary schools were included in the population. Simple random sampling technique was used for the selection of sample. A total number of 491 teachers and 97 heads were selected as sample. Questionnaire was developed for the collection of quantitative data from the heads. The quantitative data was analyzed using the frequencies, percentages, mean, standard deviation and chi-square. On the basis of the conclusions it is recommended that enough time for interaction and contact between the students and the teachers for the purpose of academic advising may be offered. The professional development of teachers regarding academic advising may be given due importance so as to make the very process more effective and efficient. The teachers in this regard may be given more autonomy and flexibility in dealing with rules and regulations of academic advising. There is a dire need to establish an advanced psycho-educational advising centre at the schools and activate its activities to offer advising, developmental, and remedial services focusing on the development of the bright and optimist side of students’ personalities.


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How to Cite

Ahmad, Z., & Mahmood, D. A. (2021). Perceptions of Heads of Secondary Schools Regarding Academic Advising Competencies of The Teachers at Secondary School Level. International Research Journal of Education and Innovation, 2(3), 225–230.