Chinese Innovative Practices for Transparency in Judicial System


  • Hamid Mukhtar School of Law, University of Okara, Okara, Punjab, Pakistan.
  • Kashif Mahmood Saqib School of Law, University of Okara, Okara, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Zia-ud-Din Malik Department of Law, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.



Judiciary, Innovative, People’s Courts, Openness, Transparency


Transparency and openness are necessary things in order to develop a fair judicial system that can protect people’s rights and uphold rule of law in the society.  Over the past forty years, China has been undertaking massive reforms in judicial sector for turning it into an open, transparent and fair system. Various online mechanisms have been developed with the deployment of information technology into the judicial system, which have effectively turned the Chinese Judicial system into transparent one. Significant improvements have been made by Chinese People’s Courts for making convenience in the cases management system, development of a system of public hearings, disclosure of information related to parole and Commutation, and development of a public information system online containing documents related to cases i.e. hearing notices, orders, judgements and other necessary information. This research paper focuses on the innovative mechanisms developed by the Chinese Government and People’s Courts to showcase those steps as learning experiences for other jurisdiction.


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How to Cite

Mukhtar, H., Saqib, K. M., & Malik, Z.- ud-D. (2021). Chinese Innovative Practices for Transparency in Judicial System. International Research Journal of Education and Innovation, 2(3), 290–296.