Linking Entrepreneurial Satisfaction with elements of entrepreneurial ecosystem


  • Amanullah Parhyar Department of Business Administration, Government College University Hyderabad
  • Waqar Ahmed Sethar Lecturer Institute of science, Technology and Development, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro
  • Dodo Khan Alias Khalid Malokani Assistant Professor, Department of Buisness Adminstration, Government College University Hyderabad.
  • Muhammad Shoaib Khan Pathan Assistant Professor, University of Sufism and Modern Sciences, Bhitshah, Sindh.



Entrepreneurial Ecosystem, Bureaucracy, Entrepreneurship


The entrepreneurial ecosystem in developing countries is not as vibrant as in the developed countries, this is because of the inherent institutional, organizational, and framework conditions that exist in these countries, bureaucracy is one of the reasons that affects entrepreneurship in these countries and especially startups, this study aims to investigate these hypotheses, for this study 214 owners and founders of companies and startups were selected randomly from different areas of Sindh, Pakistan. Using PLS-SEM we investigated how different domains affect entrepreneurial satisfaction including bureaucracy. Our findings suggest that bureaucracy significantly affects the entrepreneurial satisfaction region as this study suggests in the case of Pakistan. These results indicate the need for changing the model of the entrepreneurial ecosystem where bureaucracy should be incorporated to make this model work in the context of developing countries.




How to Cite

Parhyar, A. ., Sethar, W. A. ., Malokani, D. K. A. K., & Pathan, M. S. K. (2021). Linking Entrepreneurial Satisfaction with elements of entrepreneurial ecosystem. International Research Journal of Education and Innovation, 2(2), 267–279.