Patriotism and National Integration among school-aged adolescents: National prevalence of estimated Identity Pride and Cultural Diversity


  • Asifa Zeba Department of Education, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan;
  • Prof. Dr. N. B. Jumani Professor, International Islamic University, Islamabad.
  • Prof. Dr. Samina Malik Professor, International Islamic University, Islamabad.



Patriotism, national integration, Identity Pride, Cultural Diversity, School-aged adolescents


Background: Patriotism and national integration were essential qualities that all students needed to acquire, regardless of their political, social, educational, or cultural system. The role of education in the development of patriotism and nationalism can be emphasized. If there is a gap in the education system or curriculum in terms of planning and generating curriculum, the results will be less than ideal. This survey intends to capture a well-adjusted and well-researched goal of estimated Identity Pride and Cultural Diversity among school-age adolescents on the integrity of sustaining a patriotism environment in the development of children, youth, and adults. How does being a national identity of a country, steeped in its cultural context, effect on students behaviour. 

Methods: Study design was quantitative method. A simple random sampling (SRS) method was used to select participants. The study included 415 students from secondary schools in the Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT). The established inquiry tool was the identity pride and cultural diversity questionnaire.

Results: In terms of outcomes, the majority of students (males n = 90 (89.1%) and females n = 303 (96.5%) are always proud to call themselves Pakistanis.  Furthermore, by kind as a result, each of the two groups (Public n = 208 (95.4%), and Private n = 185 (95.4%) (Public = 2.94±0.26 and Private = 2.93±0.26) has a mean and standard deviation, with F = 0.17 and P = 0.677 as significant.

Conclusion and Recommendation: The majority of female students felt significantly more proud to be Pakistanis than male students, according to cultural diversity. An increasing number of male and female students were proud to be Pakistanis. However, only a small percentage of students are always enthusiastic about Pakistani gastronomy; for example, some female students never wear Pakistani attire (Shalwer Kameez, Ajrak, Rally), whereas male students do. According to the results of analysis of variance identity pride and cultural diversity, the majority of students in both public and private schools are always proud to be Pakistanis. In light of this.


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How to Cite

Zeba, A., Jumani, P. D. N. B., & Malik, P. D. S. (2021). Patriotism and National Integration among school-aged adolescents: National prevalence of estimated Identity Pride and Cultural Diversity. International Research Journal of Education and Innovation, 2(3), 297–309.

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