Problems of English Teachers at Secondary Level in Azad Jammu & Kashmir


  • Abdul Karim Ph.D. Scholar, Mohi-ud-din Islamic University Nerian Sharif , AJ&K, Pakistan
  • Mehtab Hussain Ph.D. Scholar, Mohi-ud-din Islamic University Nerian Sharif , AJ&K, Pakistan
  • Khalida Naheed Ph.D. Scholar, Mohi-ud-din Islamic University Nerian Sharif , AJ&K, Pakistan



Problems, Teachers, Secondary Level, AJ&K, Curriculum, Classical languages, schools


The teaching of English language holds an important position in the educational curricula of the whole world. The educationists of all times have advocated the study of more than one language for multi purposes. In the past classical languages like Persian, Arabic and Sanskrit in the East, and Latin and Greek in the West were held in high esteem. The study of one or more of these languages was considered vital for the complete education of the young people. In current era, the study of only modern and living languages is considered important because of the mass communication at the national level for students in the middle and western middle schools; the modern language is the second language. (Abbott, 2012).


Adalat, M. (2005). A study of problems faced by female English language teacher at Secondary level in district Rawalpindi,(unpublished master's thesis). Islamabad: AIOU Pakistan

Ahmad, N. Ahmad, S., Bukhari, M. A. and Bukhari, T. A. (2012). The nature of difficulties in learning English by the students at secondary school level in Pakistan. Journal of Education and Practice, 10(2): 18-24.

Ballou, D. & Podgursky, M. (2000). Reforming teacher preparation and licensing: What is the Evidence? Teachers College Record, 102.

Borman, G. D. & Kimball, S.M. (2005). Teacher quality and educational quality: do Teachers with higher standards based evaluation rating close students achievements gap? The elementary school journal.

Chopra, A. (2015). Importance of English in our life, Essays, Paragraphs and Articles.

David G. Drubin and Douglas R. Kellogg, (2011) Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology.

Farkota, R. M. (2005). Basic English problems: The brutal reality! Learning Difficulties Australia Bulletin, 3(37).

Farooq, R.A. (2014). Teaching of English (6508). Problems of teaching English in Pakistan. Islamabad: AIOU, Pakistan.

Finocchiaro,(2012). Teaching of English M.Ed code 6508. Islamabad: AIOU Pakistan. Government of Pakistan, (2006). National curriculum for English language. Grade I-XII Islamabad: Ministry of Education.

Govt. of Punjab,(2004). Standard Manual, Elementary, Secondary and Higher Secondary Schools Education Department Punjab, Lahore: Pakistan.

Haq,A. (2013). Teaching of English as second language in Pakistan: Islamabad: AIOU, Pakistan.

Hashmi,S. A .M. (2011). Teaching of English code 519, Importance of English language in Pakistan, Islamabad: AIOU Pakistan.

Hayes, L.D. (1987). The crises of education in Pakistan, Lahore: Vanguard Books.

Hirst,S. (2002). Developing student teachers ’understanding of strategies for teaching children.

Hoxby, C. M. (2000). The effect of class size on students’ achievement: New evidence from population variation. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 4(115).

Jamshaid, M.( 2003). Errors made by students in the present perfect and simple past tenses at SSC level: Analysis and remedies. Islamabad. (Unpublished master's thesis) Islamabad: AIOU Pakistan.

Karim, T. (2006). Test of English at SSC level in district Skardu: Causes of failure and their remedial measures, Islamabad. (Unpublished master's thesis). Islamabad: AIOU Pakistan.

Schools, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, (Unpublished thesis). The University of Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.

Munir, (2013). Test of English at secondary school certificate level in district Skardu: causes of failure and their remedial measures. (Unpublished master thesis) Islamabad: AIOU Pakistan.

Naseem, P., (2007). Analysis of errors made by students at matric level: A case study. (Unpublished Master's thesis). Islamabad: AIOU Pakistan.

Qureshi, S., (2002). Decentralization to district level, Ministry of Education, Islamabad, Pakistan

Rasheed, M., (2004). Educational administration and supervision, Islamabad: AIOU Pakistan.

Rashidi, N., (1995). Teaching and Learning English in Guidance and High School in Kordestan Problems and Suggested Solutions. (Unpublished master Thesis), Shiraz University, Shiraz.

Rehman, J.U., (2002). Devolution and decentralization: Identification of progress in implementation in education. Ministry of Education.

Saadat, M.,(1995). An Investigation into the Problems of Teaching and Learning English in the Guidance and High Schools of Fars Province. (Unpublished master Thesis), ShirazUniversity, Shiraz.

Sabiha,M., (2005). Language Planning in Higher Education: A Case Study of Pakistan. Karachi: Oxford University Press.

Saleem, M., (2002). Facts and figures, Agha Khan Gee Printers, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Shah, D., (2003). Decentralization in the education system of Pakistan: Policies and Strategies, Academy of educational Planning Management, Islamabad: Pakistan.

Shahzadi, R & Perveen, K (2002). An Evaluation of new educational structure, (Unpublished thesis). The University of Punjab, Lahore: Pakistan.

Siddique, S. A., (1990). Teacher Education in Pakistan, National Training Workshop.

Sukhdev, S., (2011). Lead Editors Forums Sections.

Tardy. C., (2004). The role of English in scientific communication: lingua franca or Tyrannosaurus rex Journal of English for Academic Purposes, Vol. 3.

Tariq, R., (2002). Language, Ideology and Power: Language-learning among the Muslims of Pakistan and North India, Karachi: Oxford University Press.

Teevno, R. A., (2011). Challenges in teaching and learning of English at secondary level. In international journal of human resource studies, 2(31).

Thomson, (2008). E., Bruce Goldstein, Cognitive Psychology: Connecting Mind, Research, and Everyday Experience, 2nd edition, Thomson W., (2007). Themes and Variations, 7th edition

Valoes, L. D., (2017). Importance of Language. Trinity Washington University 125 Michigan Ave. NE, Washington.

Zafar, M. (2003). Fiscal devolution in education, Case study reflecting initial Responses, Ministry of education, Islamabad: Pakistan.




How to Cite

Karim , A., Hussain , M., & Naheed, K. . (2021). Problems of English Teachers at Secondary Level in Azad Jammu & Kashmir. International Research Journal of Education and Innovation, 2(3), 86–96.