Teachers’ Role in Enhancing Listening Skills of English at Elementary Level in AJ&K, Pakistan


  • Mehtab Hussain Ph.D. Scholar, Mohi-ud-Din Islamic University Nerian Sharif, AJ&K, Pakistan.
  • Dr. Muhammad Ishaq Associate Professor, Dean Faculty of Social Sciences, Director QEC Mohi-ud-Din Islamic University Nerian Sharif, AJ&K, Pakistan.
  • Abdul Karim Ph.D. Scholar, Mohi-ud-din Islamic University Nerian Sharif, AJ&K, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Rifaqat Ph.D. Scholar, Mohi-ud-din Islamic University Nerian Sharif, AJ&K, Pakistan.


Listening Skill, English, Second Language


This research aimed to develop an experimental investigation into the impact of elementary school teachers in AJ&K, Pakistan, on improving students' English listening skills. The researchers utilised a pre-test and post-test equivalent group design for this purpose. The study population comprised all 2334 eighth-grade pupils enrolled in Government Boys Schools in District Sudhnuti, AJ&K, Pakistan. Forty eighth-grade pupils from Government Boys High School Talawari, District Sudhnuti, AJ&K, constituted the study sample. A self-designed pre-test was used to select students for the experimental and control groups.  A post-test was created and given to the experimental and control groups after the investigation concluded. Proficient individuals in English language instruction and pedagogy validated the research instruments. Approximately 12% of the material was denied based on the expert judgmental validity. Pilot testing was conducted with ten eighth-grade pupils not included in the sample. Materials deemed excessively basic or complex were eliminated by the findings of the pilot testing. To assess the internal consistency of the items, the Kuder-Richardson formula was utilised in conjunction with SPSS (version 21) in this investigation. Experimental findings indicate that English instructors in AJ&K do not employ the Direct Method to improve English listening skills at the elementary level. Therefore, empirical evidence suggests that English instructors at the elementary level in AJ&K use the Direct Method of English Instruction to improve students' listening skills. Furthermore, it is recommended that English instructors employ CAI and CBL in conjunction with Direct Methods instruction to enhance the listening proficiency of elementary students in AJ&K, Pakistan.


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How to Cite

Hussain, M. ., Ishaq, D. M. ., Karim, A. ., & Rifaqat, M. . (2023). Teachers’ Role in Enhancing Listening Skills of English at Elementary Level in AJ&K, Pakistan. International Research Journal of Education and Innovation, 4(4), 1–11. Retrieved from https://irjei.com/index.php/irjei/article/view/196

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